Injury Prevention Strategies

Injuries can be prevented when taking part in an injury prevention program and by:

  • Eliminating the use of sharps as much as possible
    • Use needle-free IV delivery systems that don't require needles
  • Using engineering controls, or engineered safety devices
    • Safety features built into the device
    • Passively enabled devices
    • Devices that cannot be deactivated
  • Taking part in work practice controls
  • Establishing a safety culture and climate
  • Involving staff in device selection to ensure the most user-friendly devices are chosen
  • Ensuring that all necessary equipment is available to staff prior to starting a sharps procedure
  • Providing adequate lighting for staff to perform procedures safely
  • Ensuring “patients” ability to cooperate prior to performing procedure to lessen chance of accidental needlesticks
  • Ensuring that needles are not opened until they are to be used and they are pointed away from the user at all times
  • Maintaining visual contact with sharps during use
  • Establishing a neutral zone to place sharps, such as a tray, announcing the placement of sharps, and not passing sharps between staff members
  • Activating safety features of sharps right after procedure is completed
  • Keeping track of all sharps by double checking trays, linens and waste materials prior to handling and use tongs or forceps to safely pick up
  • Visually inspecting disposal container to make sure there is enough room for sharps to fit
  • Keeping fingers away from the tip of device during disposal and avoiding contact with disposal container
  • Notifying safety personnel if disposal container is full
  • Replacing sharps containers before they are 2/3 full

How a Safety Needle Protects Healthcare Workers

A safety needle is an injection device designed with special functions which allow the needle to automatically retract back into the barrel, or to be capped after injecting a patient. The importance of using safety needles is that it prevents healthcare workers from accidentally being stuck with a needle, thereby reducing the transmission of diseases such as HIV or hepatitis.

Safety Needle Companies

Learn how to report a needlestick injury

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Unsafe Injections in the Developing World and Transmission of Bloodborne Pathegens: A Review.
Simonsen L, Kane A, Lloyd J, Zaffran M, Kane M. Bull World Health Organ. 1999;77(10):789-800. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Read this entire source


The Global Burden of Disease Attributable to Contaminated Injections Given in Health Care Settings
Anja M Hauri, Gregory L Armstrong and Yvan J F Hutin

Read this entire source